ZAFAR & ASSOCIATES - LLP :: Patent & Design Law Pakistan


Haseeb Zafar


Partner & IP Expert

Lahore, Pakistan

M. Nadeem Qureshi


Senior Litigator

Karachi, Pakistan

Aftab H. Nagra


Senior IP Consultant

Sialkot, Pakistan

Javaid Iqbal Mughal


Senior Litigator

Sialkot, Pakistan

Salma Niazi


Associate & Litigator

Bahawalnagar, Pakistan

Rana Munawar Almas


Associate & Litigator

Lahore, Pakistan

Freeha Khaled


IP Laws Associate

Lahore, Pakistan

:: Core Competencies

  • Patent & Design Law
  • Patent & Design Registration
  • Patent & Design Protection

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:: Patent & Design Law in Pakistan

Trademark Law in Pakistan

Here you may find information as to patent & design law in Pakistan. Our dedicated team of professional experts best assists their clietns as to understanding the patent and design law in Pakistan.

Patent & Design Law Pakistan. Pakistan Patent & Design Law

Increasing competition and global commerce have changed the way patents are approached and managed. Today, it is essential to have an intellectual property strategy that includes maximizing the potential value of a company's patents as well as reducing unnecessary costs and risks.

ZA-LLP is largest among all IP firms in Pakistan in the number of patents filed. The firm has filed patents with the Patent and Trademark Office in a wide range of disciplines including Information technology, Biotechnology / Life sciences, Chemicals, Manufacturing and Electronics etc. While obtaining patents is essential, it is only one step in developing a patent portfolio that offers the necessary protection, as well as optimizes marketability. Clients of ZA-LLP benefit from constant reviews of patent use, competitor actions and market trends. The firm establishes and manages portfolios of Pakistani and foreign patents for large corporations and large enterprises as well.

What is a patent?

A patent is a right of exclusion granted by a government to the inventor of an article, device, substance, process or method which is new, inventive and useful in return for its development and disclosure to the public.

What rights does a patent provided?

Patents provide the inventor with the right to exclude others from exploiting the invention for the life of the patent, which is generally up 20 years from filing.

What can be patented?

Virtually any new and useful advance can be patented, for example mechanical devices, electric circuits, chemical compounds, genetically altered life forms and the application of computer software and algorithms. Business methods and manufacturing process can also be patented, especially if they involve computers and information technology. The advance doesn’t need to be a major breakthrough – a small improvement or variation may be patentable. It is necessary, however, for there to be an inventive step, i.e. the improvement can’t be considered obvious to a skilled worker in the relevant filed.

What can’t be patented?

Generally, items such as plans, schemes, artistic creations and mental process cannot be patented. Since the law determining permissible subject matter for patents is based upon an accumulation of court decisions, what can be successfully patented has changed over the years and varies from country to country.

What are the different types of applications and patents?

Provisional application

The first step in filing a patent application in Australia is often the lodgment of an application, accompanied by a provisional specification, at the Patent Office. The provisional specification describes the invention and (in most cases0 its date of lodgment determines the ‘priority date’, on which date the invention must be new.

Complete application (leading to standard patent)

Within 12 months of lodging the provisional application can be lodged at the Patent Office. Where an invention is in development when a provisional specifications can be lodged in the 12-months period to include additional material. All such provisional specifications can be combined in a single with a series of numbered paragraphs called claim. The claims define the monopoly sought – both the particular embodiment of the invention as described in detail in the specification and variations.

Divisional application

Under the Patents Act 1990 it is possible to file a patent application that claims the same priority date as one previously filed and claims matter disclosed in an earlier application. These divisional in an application have a maximum term of 20 years, common with the parent case, but must be filed prior to sealing of the parent complete application.

Innovation patent

The novelty test for an innovation patent, as for a standard patent, includes publication or use anywhere in the world. However a lower innovative step applies. The innovation patent contains a maximum of five claims, has a shorter term (eight years instead of 20) and no extension of term is available. Applications are not subjected to examination, however, for the patent to be relied on infringement proceedings – the patentee must request examination and the patent must be validated.

Patents of addition

An application for a patent of addition may be made for a single improvement in, or modification of, the main invention in an earlier patent. The owner must be the same as the earlier patent or a person authorised by the owner.

Is there a worldwide patent?

No. Patents are obtained on a country-by-country basis, although there are a small number of regional patent arrangements, including one in Europe. The Patent Cooperation Treaty also exists, however this only applies for a short time during the application stage and national patens still ultimately result.

What is the role of a patent attorney?

Patent attorneys provide the expertise required in order to obtain and protect IP rights. This involves managing the processes by which patents, trade marks’ rights are granted, and advising on the issues surrounding their validity and infringement. Patent attorney must have a degree in engineering or since.

What is a registered design?

A design is a feature of shape, configuration, pattern or ornamentation of an article capable of being judged by the eye. It is possible to register a design and there by obtain protection for the external appearance of a product. Protection is usually sought for either three-dimensional features of shape and /or configuration or two-dimensional features of pattern and/or ornamentation. The design must be new and original at the date of application for registration.

When has a registered design been infringed?

Generally, by the unauthorised application of the design (or an obvious or fraudulent imitation) to any article to which the design is registered – including importation, sale/hire and offering to sell/hire.

What could prevent your design from registered?

Any earlier registration, publication, sale or use in Pakistan of an article that differs only in immaterial detail, or in features commonly used in the trade, from the design for which protection is being sought.

Is there a worldwide registered design?

No. Registered designs are obtained on a country-by-country basis, although a single European Community Design has recently been introduced.

:: Associated Domains Associated With Patent & Design Law Practice

Intellectual Property Law

Trademark Law

Copyright Law

Intellectual Property Trademark Copyright

Our IP lawyers have strong technical backgrounds and extensive legal and commercial experience as in-house IP counsel, patent and trademark examiners. Click here to find more.

Registering a trade mark will give its owner the right to exclusively use, license or sell the mark within the categories for which it is registered. Click here to find more.

Copyright protection subsists in original works of authorship fixed in any tangible medium of expression, now known or later developed. Click here to find more.


Suit for infringement of a patent

A patentee may institute a suit under section 60 in the District Court which have the jurisdiction to try the suit against any person who during the continuance of the patent acquired by him under this law, in respect of an invention, makes, sells or uses the invention without his license, or counterfeits it, or imitates it.

Reliefs in suits for infringement

If a patent is infringed by infringer and a suit for infringement has been field against him then the remedies can be availed by the patentee. The Court can order to:

  • desist form infringement;

  • infringer to pay the right holder damages adequate to compensate for the injury he has suffered because of infringement;

  • pay the right holder expenses which may include appropriate attorney’s fee;

  • the recovery of profits, damages and pre-established damages;

  • dispose off the goods (which found to be the infringing) outside the channels of commerce without giving any compensation to the infringer;

  • dispose off the material, implements and predominant, use of which has been in infringing goods, outside the channels of commerce to minimize the risk of more infringement without giving any compensation to the infringer;

  • infringer to inform the right holder of the identity of third parties involved in production and distribution of the infringing goods and their channel of commerce in case of serious infringement;

  • adequate compensation to the party who has been wrongfully restrained by the party on whose request measures has been taken;

  • the applicant to pay the defendants expenses including attorneys fee.

  • prevent an infringement, if there are imported goods the court can order to prevent its customs clearance;

  • preserve its relevant evidence in the alleged infringement; and

  • provisional measures to prevent the delay which cause harm to the right holder or where there is a demonstrable risk of evidence being destroyed.


Remedies under Section 8

If any person infringes a registered proprietor’s right, the proprietor may:

  • bring a suit against him for the recovery of damages; and

  • bring a suit for an injunction for the continuance of the infringement.

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